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Antibacterial and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Anacardium occidentale Leaves and Bark Extracts

B.T. Thomas, M.O. Soladoye, T.T. Adegboyega, G.C. Agu and O.D. Popoola.

Abstract
Anacardium occidentale is a local medicinal plant used in ethno medicine for the treatment of diarrhea, constipation,pain and inflammation. The aqueous and ethanolic extracts of this plant parts were assessed for anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activities using experimental animal model and agar disc diffusion methods respectively. Results show that the ethanolic extract of the plant were more efficacious than the aqueous extract in inhibiting the carrageenan induced paw oedema in rats in a non dose-dependent manner( P>0.05).No significant difference was found between the ethanolic extract of the leaves and bark (P>0.05). Also, the antibacterial activity was apparently higher in ethanolic extract than in aqueous extract for both leaves and barkwith the bark extract displaying a significantly (P<0.05) higher activity compared to the leaves extract. The results of this study therefore justify the use of this plant in the treatment of inflammation and bacterial infections.

Key words: Antibacterial, Anti inflammatory, Anacardium occidentale


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

B.T. Thomas, M.O. Soladoye, T.T. Adegboyega, G.C. Agu and O.D. Popoola. Antibacterial and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Anacardium occidentale Leaves and Bark Extracts. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2015; 23(1): 1-6.


Web Style

B.T. Thomas, M.O. Soladoye, T.T. Adegboyega, G.C. Agu and O.D. Popoola. Antibacterial and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Anacardium occidentale Leaves and Bark Extracts. www.njbas-udus.com/?mno=188272 [Access: June 20, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

B.T. Thomas, M.O. Soladoye, T.T. Adegboyega, G.C. Agu and O.D. Popoola. Antibacterial and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Anacardium occidentale Leaves and Bark Extracts. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2015; 23(1): 1-6.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

B.T. Thomas, M.O. Soladoye, T.T. Adegboyega, G.C. Agu and O.D. Popoola. Antibacterial and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Anacardium occidentale Leaves and Bark Extracts. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. (2015), [cited June 20, 2019]; 23(1): 1-6.



Harvard Style

B.T. Thomas, M.O. Soladoye, T.T. Adegboyega, G.C. Agu and O.D. Popoola (2015) Antibacterial and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Anacardium occidentale Leaves and Bark Extracts. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 23 (1), 1-6.



Turabian Style

B.T. Thomas, M.O. Soladoye, T.T. Adegboyega, G.C. Agu and O.D. Popoola. 2015. Antibacterial and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Anacardium occidentale Leaves and Bark Extracts. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 23 (1), 1-6.



Chicago Style

B.T. Thomas, M.O. Soladoye, T.T. Adegboyega, G.C. Agu and O.D. Popoola. "Antibacterial and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Anacardium occidentale Leaves and Bark Extracts." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 23 (2015), 1-6.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

B.T. Thomas, M.O. Soladoye, T.T. Adegboyega, G.C. Agu and O.D. Popoola. "Antibacterial and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Anacardium occidentale Leaves and Bark Extracts." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 23.1 (2015), 1-6. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

B.T. Thomas, M.O. Soladoye, T.T. Adegboyega, G.C. Agu and O.D. Popoola (2015) Antibacterial and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Anacardium occidentale Leaves and Bark Extracts. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 23 (1), 1-6.








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