ISSN 0331-8753
 

Original Research 


Biodiesel Production by Lipase Mediated Transesterification of Acacia Nilotica Seed Oil

Auwalu Garba, Abdullahi Balarabe Sallau, Sani Ibrahim, Mua'wiya Musa Abarshi, Babangida Sanusi, Mohammed Sani Galadima, Shehu Isah.

Abstract
Biodiesel is becoming prominent among the alternative sources of energy due to its economic, environmental and social values. This work investigated the possibility of using calcium alginate immobilized lipase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa for the production of biodiesel from Acacia nilotica seed oil. The physico-chemical properties of Acacia nilotica biodiesel were assessed.The methyl esters composition indicated the presence of octadecenoic (69.14%), hexadecanoic (15.47%) and (7.92%) octadecanoic acid as dominant fatty acid methyl esters. Other properties of the biodiesel produced includes specific gravity (0.84), refractive index (1.34±0.04), viscosity (2.73±0.15Pa.S), cetane number (32.81±0.10), calorific value (29.0 mJkg-1), flash point (113oC), cloud point (1.06oC) and pour point (4.0oC) as well as iodine value (187.6 ±0.60 gI2/100 g), acid value (0.61±0.01/g), saponification value (189 ±1.00mgKOH/g) and peroxide value (6.60±0.05 meq/kg), which were largely in conformity with the ASTM and EN biodiesel standards.

Key words: Acacia nilotica, seed oil, transesterification, immobilized lipase


 
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Pubmed Style

Garba A, Sallau AB, Ibrahim S, Abarshi MM, Sanusi B, Galadima MS, Isah S. Biodiesel Production by Lipase Mediated Transesterification of Acacia Nilotica Seed Oil. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2018; 26(1): 23-30.


Web Style

Garba A, Sallau AB, Ibrahim S, Abarshi MM, Sanusi B, Galadima MS, Isah S. Biodiesel Production by Lipase Mediated Transesterification of Acacia Nilotica Seed Oil. http://www.njbas-udus.com/?mno=236289 [Access: December 14, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Garba A, Sallau AB, Ibrahim S, Abarshi MM, Sanusi B, Galadima MS, Isah S. Biodiesel Production by Lipase Mediated Transesterification of Acacia Nilotica Seed Oil. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2018; 26(1): 23-30.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Garba A, Sallau AB, Ibrahim S, Abarshi MM, Sanusi B, Galadima MS, Isah S. Biodiesel Production by Lipase Mediated Transesterification of Acacia Nilotica Seed Oil. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. (2018), [cited December 14, 2018]; 26(1): 23-30.



Harvard Style

Garba, A., Sallau, . A. B., Ibrahim, . S., Abarshi, . M. M., Sanusi, . B., Galadima, . M. S. & Isah, . S. (2018) Biodiesel Production by Lipase Mediated Transesterification of Acacia Nilotica Seed Oil. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 26 (1), 23-30.



Turabian Style

Garba, Auwalu, Abdullahi Balarabe Sallau, Sani Ibrahim, Muawiya Musa Abarshi, Babangida Sanusi, Mohammed Sani Galadima, and Shehu Isah. 2018. Biodiesel Production by Lipase Mediated Transesterification of Acacia Nilotica Seed Oil. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 26 (1), 23-30.



Chicago Style

Garba, Auwalu, Abdullahi Balarabe Sallau, Sani Ibrahim, Muawiya Musa Abarshi, Babangida Sanusi, Mohammed Sani Galadima, and Shehu Isah. "Biodiesel Production by Lipase Mediated Transesterification of Acacia Nilotica Seed Oil." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 26 (2018), 23-30.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Garba, Auwalu, Abdullahi Balarabe Sallau, Sani Ibrahim, Muawiya Musa Abarshi, Babangida Sanusi, Mohammed Sani Galadima, and Shehu Isah. "Biodiesel Production by Lipase Mediated Transesterification of Acacia Nilotica Seed Oil." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 26.1 (2018), 23-30. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Garba, A., Sallau, . A. B., Ibrahim, . S., Abarshi, . M. M., Sanusi, . B., Galadima, . M. S. & Isah, . S. (2018) Biodiesel Production by Lipase Mediated Transesterification of Acacia Nilotica Seed Oil. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 26 (1), 23-30.





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