ISSN 0331-8753
 

Original Research 


Acute Toxicity of Glyphosate-based Isopropylamine formulation to Juvenile African catfish (Clarias gariepinus)

Nosakhare Osazee Erhunmwunse, Ozekeke Silver Ogbeide, Isioma Illechie Tongo, Alex Enuneku, Princewill Adebayo.

Abstract
The formulation of glyphosate which is composed of Isopropylamine salt (41 % wt ) is widely used as herbicide both in the terrestrial and aquatic environment. In this experiment, the toxicity of this sulfacant Isopropylamine salt of glyphosate herbicide to post juvenile African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) was examined. This experiment was carried out based on the standard Total Residual Chlorine (TRC), 1984 method at 24, 48, 72 and 96 hrs. Gulping of air, restlessness, surface to bottom movement, sudden quick movement and excessive resting at the bottom were abnormal behaviour observed in the exposed fish. Mortality of C. gariepinus increased (P<0.05) with an increase in glyphosate concentration. The results showed that the 96h LC50 value of glyphosate was 300 mg/L while the maximum allowable concentration (MAC) of this toxicant is 30.0 mg/L. The effect of the toxicant on C. gariepinus was both time and concentration dependent”.

Key words: Acute toxicity, Clarias gariepinus, Glyphosate, LC50, Mortality


 
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Pubmed Style

Erhunmwunse NO, Ogbeide OS, Tongo II, Enuneku A, Adebayo P. Acute Toxicity of Glyphosate-based Isopropylamine formulation to Juvenile African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2018; 26(2): 97-101. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.14


Web Style

Erhunmwunse NO, Ogbeide OS, Tongo II, Enuneku A, Adebayo P. Acute Toxicity of Glyphosate-based Isopropylamine formulation to Juvenile African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). www.njbas-udus.com/?mno=271521 [Access: March 27, 2019]. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.14


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Erhunmwunse NO, Ogbeide OS, Tongo II, Enuneku A, Adebayo P. Acute Toxicity of Glyphosate-based Isopropylamine formulation to Juvenile African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2018; 26(2): 97-101. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.14



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Erhunmwunse NO, Ogbeide OS, Tongo II, Enuneku A, Adebayo P. Acute Toxicity of Glyphosate-based Isopropylamine formulation to Juvenile African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. (2018), [cited March 27, 2019]; 26(2): 97-101. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.14



Harvard Style

Erhunmwunse, N. O., Ogbeide, . O. S., Tongo, . I. I., Enuneku, . A. & Adebayo, . P. (2018) Acute Toxicity of Glyphosate-based Isopropylamine formulation to Juvenile African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 26 (2), 97-101. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.14



Turabian Style

Erhunmwunse, Nosakhare Osazee, Ozekeke Silver Ogbeide, Isioma Illechie Tongo, Alex Enuneku, and Princewill Adebayo. 2018. Acute Toxicity of Glyphosate-based Isopropylamine formulation to Juvenile African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 26 (2), 97-101. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.14



Chicago Style

Erhunmwunse, Nosakhare Osazee, Ozekeke Silver Ogbeide, Isioma Illechie Tongo, Alex Enuneku, and Princewill Adebayo. "Acute Toxicity of Glyphosate-based Isopropylamine formulation to Juvenile African catfish (Clarias gariepinus)." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 26 (2018), 97-101. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.14



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Erhunmwunse, Nosakhare Osazee, Ozekeke Silver Ogbeide, Isioma Illechie Tongo, Alex Enuneku, and Princewill Adebayo. "Acute Toxicity of Glyphosate-based Isopropylamine formulation to Juvenile African catfish (Clarias gariepinus)." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 26.2 (2018), 97-101. Print. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.14



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Erhunmwunse, N. O., Ogbeide, . O. S., Tongo, . I. I., Enuneku, . A. & Adebayo, . P. (2018) Acute Toxicity of Glyphosate-based Isopropylamine formulation to Juvenile African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 26 (2), 97-101. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.14





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