E-ISSN 0331-8753 | ISSN 0794-5698
 

Original Research 


Comparative Effects of Zea Mays Bran, Telfairia occidentalis and Citrus sinensis Feeds on Bowel Transit Rate, Postprandial Blood Glucose and Lipids Profile in Male Wistar Rats

Wahab Adekunle Oyeyemi, Patrick Ugwuezumba, Ore-oluwapo Ololade Daramola, Oliver Onwelu.

Abstract
Plant-based diets are gaining recognition and acceptance as a dietary approach to maintaining healthy living and managing some diseases. Comparative effects of Zea mays bran, Telfairia occidentalis, and Citrus sinensis feeds on bowel transit rate, postprandial blood glucose, and serum lipid profile levels were investigated in 20 male Wistar rats of average weight 160 ± 5 g. Proximate analysis and in-vitro total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of the feeds were evaluated. The animals were randomly grouped into four (n=5) and fed with normal rats’ chow (control), Z. mays bran, T. occidentalis, and C. sinensis respectively for thirty days. Postprandial blood glucose, plasma lipids profile and bowel transit rate were evaluated. The ash and protein contents were significantly higher (p<0.05) in T. occidentalis, while Z. mays bran, T. occidentalis, and C. sinensis have high fibre relative to control feed. The TAC was higher in T. occidentalis followed by C. sinensis. Postprandial blood glucose was significantly reduced (p<0.05) in rats fed with Z. mays bran and T. occidentalis. Plasma total cholesterol, triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were significantly reduced (p<0.05) in rats fed with Z. mays bran, T. occidentalis, and C. sinensis. Bowel transit rate was significantly increased (p<0.05) in the rats fed with Z. mays bran, T. occidentalis, and C. sinensis. In conclusion, Zea mays bran may possess laxative activity than other feeds, while the hypoglycemic and hypocholesterolemic activities in the rats fed with the three feeds were similar.

Key words: Telfairia occidentalis, Citrus sinensis, Zea mays bran, in-vitro antioxidant, Proximate analysis


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Oyeyemi WA, Ugwuezumba P, Daramola OO, Onwelu O. Comparative Effects of Zea Mays Bran, Telfairia occidentalis and Citrus sinensis Feeds on Bowel Transit Rate, Postprandial Blood Glucose and Lipids Profile in Male Wistar Rats. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2018; 26(1): 80-87.


Web Style

Oyeyemi WA, Ugwuezumba P, Daramola OO, Onwelu O. Comparative Effects of Zea Mays Bran, Telfairia occidentalis and Citrus sinensis Feeds on Bowel Transit Rate, Postprandial Blood Glucose and Lipids Profile in Male Wistar Rats. www.njbas-udus.com/?mno=291235 [Access: September 20, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Oyeyemi WA, Ugwuezumba P, Daramola OO, Onwelu O. Comparative Effects of Zea Mays Bran, Telfairia occidentalis and Citrus sinensis Feeds on Bowel Transit Rate, Postprandial Blood Glucose and Lipids Profile in Male Wistar Rats. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2018; 26(1): 80-87.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Oyeyemi WA, Ugwuezumba P, Daramola OO, Onwelu O. Comparative Effects of Zea Mays Bran, Telfairia occidentalis and Citrus sinensis Feeds on Bowel Transit Rate, Postprandial Blood Glucose and Lipids Profile in Male Wistar Rats. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. (2018), [cited September 20, 2019]; 26(1): 80-87.



Harvard Style

Oyeyemi, W. A., Ugwuezumba, . P., Daramola, . O. O. & Onwelu, . O. (2018) Comparative Effects of Zea Mays Bran, Telfairia occidentalis and Citrus sinensis Feeds on Bowel Transit Rate, Postprandial Blood Glucose and Lipids Profile in Male Wistar Rats. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 26 (1), 80-87.



Turabian Style

Oyeyemi, Wahab Adekunle, Patrick Ugwuezumba, Ore-oluwapo Ololade Daramola, and Oliver Onwelu. 2018. Comparative Effects of Zea Mays Bran, Telfairia occidentalis and Citrus sinensis Feeds on Bowel Transit Rate, Postprandial Blood Glucose and Lipids Profile in Male Wistar Rats. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 26 (1), 80-87.



Chicago Style

Oyeyemi, Wahab Adekunle, Patrick Ugwuezumba, Ore-oluwapo Ololade Daramola, and Oliver Onwelu. "Comparative Effects of Zea Mays Bran, Telfairia occidentalis and Citrus sinensis Feeds on Bowel Transit Rate, Postprandial Blood Glucose and Lipids Profile in Male Wistar Rats." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 26 (2018), 80-87.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Oyeyemi, Wahab Adekunle, Patrick Ugwuezumba, Ore-oluwapo Ololade Daramola, and Oliver Onwelu. "Comparative Effects of Zea Mays Bran, Telfairia occidentalis and Citrus sinensis Feeds on Bowel Transit Rate, Postprandial Blood Glucose and Lipids Profile in Male Wistar Rats." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 26.1 (2018), 80-87. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Oyeyemi, W. A., Ugwuezumba, . P., Daramola, . O. O. & Onwelu, . O. (2018) Comparative Effects of Zea Mays Bran, Telfairia occidentalis and Citrus sinensis Feeds on Bowel Transit Rate, Postprandial Blood Glucose and Lipids Profile in Male Wistar Rats. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 26 (1), 80-87.