ISSN 0331-8753
 

Original Research 


Nutritional, Phytochemical Composition and Antioxidant analysis of Selected Agricultural Wastes as Potential Livestock Feed Ingredients

Saheed Olatunbosun Akiode, Adewale Fadeyi, Olajide Falayi.

Abstract
This study was carried out to analyze the nutritional, phytochemical composition and antioxidant activity of three agricultural wastes (Melon husk, moringa pod and mango endocarp).
The proximate parameters of the samples were determined using the standard analytical method of Association of Official Analytical Chemists. The antioxidant activity was determined by the radical scavenging activity of the methanol extract of samples against DPPH (Sigma Aldrich) by UV-Visible Spectrophotometer at 517 nm.
The results revealed that the three samples are high in crude fibre: 51.61% (melon seed husk), 58.10% (moringa pod) and 49.47% (mango endocarp). The crude protein content of the samples ranged from 3.45% to 12.22%. The mineral analysis showed that melon seed husk contains; Ca (14.94mg/kg), Mg (52.26mg/kg), Fe (21.2mg/kg), P (106.7mg/kg), Zn (0.70mg/kg); moringa pod contains Ca (243.95mg/kg), Mg (61.44mg/kg), Fe (3.60mg/kg), P (33.75mg/kg), Zn (0.35mg/kg); mango endocarp; Ca(6.14mg/kg), Mg (13.00mg/kg), P (24.25mg/kg), Zn (0.17mg/kg). Phytochemical screening of the three samples showed small amount of antinutrient like saponin, oxalate, flavonoid etc. The results obtained from this study indicate that the agricultural wastes may serve as energy and mineral supplier and thus may be utilized as a potential feed ingredient in livestock feed, coupled with their low antinutrient content.

Key words: Melon husk, moringa pod, mango endocarp, Nutritional, Antioxidant


 
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Pubmed Style

Akiode SO, Fadeyi A, Falayi O. Nutritional, Phytochemical Composition and Antioxidant analysis of Selected Agricultural Wastes as Potential Livestock Feed Ingredients. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2018; 26(2): 35-44. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.6


Web Style

Akiode SO, Fadeyi A, Falayi O. Nutritional, Phytochemical Composition and Antioxidant analysis of Selected Agricultural Wastes as Potential Livestock Feed Ingredients. www.njbas-udus.com/?mno=296312 [Access: March 27, 2019]. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.6


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Akiode SO, Fadeyi A, Falayi O. Nutritional, Phytochemical Composition and Antioxidant analysis of Selected Agricultural Wastes as Potential Livestock Feed Ingredients. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2018; 26(2): 35-44. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.6



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Akiode SO, Fadeyi A, Falayi O. Nutritional, Phytochemical Composition and Antioxidant analysis of Selected Agricultural Wastes as Potential Livestock Feed Ingredients. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. (2018), [cited March 27, 2019]; 26(2): 35-44. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.6



Harvard Style

Akiode, S. O., Fadeyi, . A. & Falayi, . O. (2018) Nutritional, Phytochemical Composition and Antioxidant analysis of Selected Agricultural Wastes as Potential Livestock Feed Ingredients. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 26 (2), 35-44. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.6



Turabian Style

Akiode, Saheed Olatunbosun, Adewale Fadeyi, and Olajide Falayi. 2018. Nutritional, Phytochemical Composition and Antioxidant analysis of Selected Agricultural Wastes as Potential Livestock Feed Ingredients. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 26 (2), 35-44. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.6



Chicago Style

Akiode, Saheed Olatunbosun, Adewale Fadeyi, and Olajide Falayi. "Nutritional, Phytochemical Composition and Antioxidant analysis of Selected Agricultural Wastes as Potential Livestock Feed Ingredients." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 26 (2018), 35-44. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.6



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Akiode, Saheed Olatunbosun, Adewale Fadeyi, and Olajide Falayi. "Nutritional, Phytochemical Composition and Antioxidant analysis of Selected Agricultural Wastes as Potential Livestock Feed Ingredients." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 26.2 (2018), 35-44. Print. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.6



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Akiode, S. O., Fadeyi, . A. & Falayi, . O. (2018) Nutritional, Phytochemical Composition and Antioxidant analysis of Selected Agricultural Wastes as Potential Livestock Feed Ingredients. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 26 (2), 35-44. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.6





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