E-ISSN 0331-8753 | ISSN 0794-5698
 

Original Research 


Physical and Biochemical Studies on Excess Weight-Induced Rats Maintained on Mixed Spices-Supplemented Diet

Ali Siddiq Idoko, Ayuba Zaharaddeen Ayuba, Emaka Lawrence Ilouno.

Abstract
The research was conducted to assess some growth and biochemical changes in excess weight-induced male Wistar rats maintained on mixed spices-supplement salty diet. Dried and pulverized clove, ginger, onion and garlic were homogenously mixed in the ratio of 1:2:2:2. Six (6) wistar albino rats (151.01Ī1.12) were randomly divided into two groups (A and B) of four rats each with nearly equal average weight. Three experimental diets A, B and C were formulated. Diet A was 100% starterís mash (control diet) while Diet B was 6% salt of starterís mash and C was 2% mixed spices of diet B. The rats in group A and group B were maintained on their experimental diets (Diet A and Diet B respectively) ad libitum for four weeks. Diet B was then removed and replaced with diet C and maintained on this diet ad libitum for three weeks. Growth, hematological and lipid profiles, and transaminase enzyme activities in the rats were determined. There was no significant variation (p>0.05) in the feed intake between the group maintained on 6% salty diet and the control but feed conversion ratio and weight gain did. Supplementation of diet B with 2% mixed spices (Diet C) caused significant (p<0.05) decrease in weight gain and increase in feed conversion ratio when compared to the group maintained on diet B. Some significant changes in the studied biochemical indices were recorded. Therefore, 2% supplementation of metabolic disease-causing diets with mixed spices (onions, garlic, ginger and cloves) may have positive effects on weight gain, lipid metabolism, blood formation and organ protection in subjects fed on the diets.

Key words: Mixed-spices; Excess weight, induced; Biochemical; Hematology; Transaminase; Lipid


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Idoko AS, Ayuba AZ, Ilouno EL. Physical and Biochemical Studies on Excess Weight-Induced Rats Maintained on Mixed Spices-Supplemented Diet. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2018; 26(2): 9-16. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.2


Web Style

Idoko AS, Ayuba AZ, Ilouno EL. Physical and Biochemical Studies on Excess Weight-Induced Rats Maintained on Mixed Spices-Supplemented Diet. www.njbas-udus.com/?mno=297182 [Access: December 16, 2019]. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.2


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Idoko AS, Ayuba AZ, Ilouno EL. Physical and Biochemical Studies on Excess Weight-Induced Rats Maintained on Mixed Spices-Supplemented Diet. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2018; 26(2): 9-16. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.2



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Idoko AS, Ayuba AZ, Ilouno EL. Physical and Biochemical Studies on Excess Weight-Induced Rats Maintained on Mixed Spices-Supplemented Diet. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. (2018), [cited December 16, 2019]; 26(2): 9-16. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.2



Harvard Style

Idoko, A. S., Ayuba, . A. Z. & Ilouno, . E. L. (2018) Physical and Biochemical Studies on Excess Weight-Induced Rats Maintained on Mixed Spices-Supplemented Diet. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 26 (2), 9-16. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.2



Turabian Style

Idoko, Ali Siddiq, Ayuba Zaharaddeen Ayuba, and Emaka Lawrence Ilouno. 2018. Physical and Biochemical Studies on Excess Weight-Induced Rats Maintained on Mixed Spices-Supplemented Diet. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 26 (2), 9-16. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.2



Chicago Style

Idoko, Ali Siddiq, Ayuba Zaharaddeen Ayuba, and Emaka Lawrence Ilouno. "Physical and Biochemical Studies on Excess Weight-Induced Rats Maintained on Mixed Spices-Supplemented Diet." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 26 (2018), 9-16. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.2



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Idoko, Ali Siddiq, Ayuba Zaharaddeen Ayuba, and Emaka Lawrence Ilouno. "Physical and Biochemical Studies on Excess Weight-Induced Rats Maintained on Mixed Spices-Supplemented Diet." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 26.2 (2018), 9-16. Print. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.2



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Idoko, A. S., Ayuba, . A. Z. & Ilouno, . E. L. (2018) Physical and Biochemical Studies on Excess Weight-Induced Rats Maintained on Mixed Spices-Supplemented Diet. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 26 (2), 9-16. doi:10.4314/njbas.v26i2.2