ISSN 0331-8753
 

Original Research 


Optimization of Steam Distillation of Essential Oil of Eucalyptus tereticornis by Response Surface Methodology

M.S. Galadima, A.S. Ahmed, A.S. Olawale and I. M. Bugaje.

Abstract
This paper deals with optimization of yield of Eucalyptus tereticornis oil in steam distillation using response surface methodology (RSM). The factors considered were mass of solute/solvent ratio (A), extraction time (B) and steam rate (C). These parameters were varied at two levels. Conditions of optimum oil yield predicted were 105 min of extraction time and 0.032 kg/h steam rate. These factors gave an optimum oil yield of 2.05 %. Significant model terms were time, steam rate, and the interactions between them. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicates that the model was significant as evidenced from R2 of 0.9844 and the model F-value of 49.13. The oil yield predicted by the model was closed to the experimentally determined values (1.85 % and 1.87 % respectively); hence the model can be used for prediction of oil yield in essential oil extraction from E. tereticornis leaf via steam distillation method.

Key words: RSM, Eucalyptus tereticornis, steam distillation, Box-Bohnken


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by M.S. Galadima
Articles by A.S. Ahmed
Articles by A.S. Olawale and I. M. Bugaje
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 2003
Downloaded: 686
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

M.S. Galadima, A.S. Ahmed, A.S. Olawale and I. M. Bugaje. Optimization of Steam Distillation of Essential Oil of Eucalyptus tereticornis by Response Surface Methodology . Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2012; 20(4): 368-372.


Web Style

M.S. Galadima, A.S. Ahmed, A.S. Olawale and I. M. Bugaje. Optimization of Steam Distillation of Essential Oil of Eucalyptus tereticornis by Response Surface Methodology . http://www.njbas-udus.com/?mno=35621 [Access: December 14, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

M.S. Galadima, A.S. Ahmed, A.S. Olawale and I. M. Bugaje. Optimization of Steam Distillation of Essential Oil of Eucalyptus tereticornis by Response Surface Methodology . Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2012; 20(4): 368-372.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

M.S. Galadima, A.S. Ahmed, A.S. Olawale and I. M. Bugaje. Optimization of Steam Distillation of Essential Oil of Eucalyptus tereticornis by Response Surface Methodology . Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. (2012), [cited December 14, 2018]; 20(4): 368-372.



Harvard Style

M.S. Galadima, A.S. Ahmed, A.S. Olawale and I. M. Bugaje (2012) Optimization of Steam Distillation of Essential Oil of Eucalyptus tereticornis by Response Surface Methodology . Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 20 (4), 368-372.



Turabian Style

M.S. Galadima, A.S. Ahmed, A.S. Olawale and I. M. Bugaje. 2012. Optimization of Steam Distillation of Essential Oil of Eucalyptus tereticornis by Response Surface Methodology . Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 20 (4), 368-372.



Chicago Style

M.S. Galadima, A.S. Ahmed, A.S. Olawale and I. M. Bugaje. "Optimization of Steam Distillation of Essential Oil of Eucalyptus tereticornis by Response Surface Methodology ." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 20 (2012), 368-372.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

M.S. Galadima, A.S. Ahmed, A.S. Olawale and I. M. Bugaje. "Optimization of Steam Distillation of Essential Oil of Eucalyptus tereticornis by Response Surface Methodology ." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 20.4 (2012), 368-372. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

M.S. Galadima, A.S. Ahmed, A.S. Olawale and I. M. Bugaje (2012) Optimization of Steam Distillation of Essential Oil of Eucalyptus tereticornis by Response Surface Methodology . Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 20 (4), 368-372.





Most Viewed Articles
  • Isolation and Identification of Fungi Associated with the Spoilage of Sweet Orange (Citrus Sinensis) Fruits In Sokoto State
    I.Y. Tafinta, K.Shehu, H. Abdulganiyyu, A.M. Rabe and A. Usman
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2013; 21(3): 193-196
    » Abstract & References

  • Heavy Metals and Physicochemical Properties of Soils in Kano Urban Agricultural Lands
    U.M. Dawaki, A.U. Dikko, S.S. Noma and U. Aliyu
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2013; 21(3): 239-246
    » Abstract & References

  • Study on Biochemical Indices of Liver Function Tests of Albino Rats Supplemented with Three Sources of Vegetable Oils [English]
    K.E. Imafidon and L.O. Okunrobo
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2012; 20(2): 105-110
    » Abstract

  • Effect of Sources of Organic Manure on Growth and Yields of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) in Sokoto, Nigeria [English]
    R.A. Tiamiyu, H.G. Ahmed and A.S. Muhammad
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2012; 20(3): 213-216
    » Abstract

  • Optimum Temperature and Thermal Stability of Crude Polyphenol Oxidase from some Common Fruits
    AB Bello, MS Sule
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2012; 20(1): 27-31
    » Abstract

  • Effect of Camel Milk’s Supplementation on Serum Glucose Levels, Lipid Profile and Body Weight of Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats
    S.A. Isa, K.G. Ibrahim and I. Abubakar
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2013; 21(3): 187-192
    » Abstract & References

  • Gonadosomatic Index, Fecundity and Egg Size of Auchenoglanis occidentalis (Cuvier and Valenciennes) in River Rima, North-Western Nigeria [English]
    B.A. Shinkafi and J.K. Ipinjolu
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2012; 20(3): 217-224
    » Abstract

  • Chemical Composition of Kapok (Ceibapentandra) Seed and Physicochemical Properties of its Oil [English]
    K.M. Anigo,B.M.D. Dauda,A.B. Sallau and I.E.Chindo
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2013; 21(2): 105-108
    » Abstract

  • Biogas production through Co-digestion of palm oil mill effluent with cow manure
    Umar Hayatu Sidik, Firdausi Bin Razali, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Fadimtu Maigari
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2013; 21(1): 79-84
    » Abstract

  • Morphological Assessment of the Genetic Variability among 53 Accessions of West African okra [Abelmoschus caillei (A. Chev.) Stevels] from South Western Nigeria
    M.E. Osawaru, M.C. Ogwu and F.M. Dania-Ogbe
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2013; 21(3): 227-238
    » Abstract & References

  • Most Downloaded
  • Isolation and Identification of Fungi Associated with the Spoilage of Sweet Orange (Citrus Sinensis) Fruits In Sokoto State
    I.Y. Tafinta, K.Shehu, H. Abdulganiyyu, A.M. Rabe and A. Usman
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2013; 21(3): 193-196
    » Abstract & References

  • Heavy Metals and Physicochemical Properties of Soils in Kano Urban Agricultural Lands
    U.M. Dawaki, A.U. Dikko, S.S. Noma and U. Aliyu
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2013; 21(3): 239-246
    » Abstract & References

  • Optimization of Steam Distillation of Essential Oil of Eucalyptus tereticornis by Response Surface Methodology [English]
    M.S. Galadima, A.S. Ahmed, A.S. Olawale and I. M. Bugaje
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2012; 20(4): 368-372
    » Abstract

  • Study on Biochemical Indices of Liver Function Tests of Albino Rats Supplemented with Three Sources of Vegetable Oils [English]
    K.E. Imafidon and L.O. Okunrobo
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2012; 20(2): 105-110
    » Abstract

  • Effect of Camel Milk’s Supplementation on Serum Glucose Levels, Lipid Profile and Body Weight of Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats
    S.A. Isa, K.G. Ibrahim and I. Abubakar
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2013; 21(3): 187-192
    » Abstract & References

  • Biogas production through Co-digestion of palm oil mill effluent with cow manure
    Umar Hayatu Sidik, Firdausi Bin Razali, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Fadimtu Maigari
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2013; 21(1): 79-84
    » Abstract

  • Gonadosomatic Index, Fecundity and Egg Size of Auchenoglanis occidentalis (Cuvier and Valenciennes) in River Rima, North-Western Nigeria [English]
    B.A. Shinkafi and J.K. Ipinjolu
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2012; 20(3): 217-224
    » Abstract

  • Antibacterial and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Anacardium occidentale Leaves and Bark Extracts
    B.T. Thomas, M.O. Soladoye, T.T. Adegboyega, G.C. Agu and O.D. Popoola
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2015; 23(1): 1-6
    » Abstract

  • The Swelling Behaviour of Polystyrene (PS)/ Polyvinylacetate (Pvac) Blends in Different Solvents and the Effects of -Cellulose used as Filler on the Electrical Conductivity. [English]
    P. A. P. Mamza and B.T. Nwufo
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2008; 16(2): 165 -
    » Abstract

  • Morphological Assessment of the Genetic Variability among 53 Accessions of West African okra [Abelmoschus caillei (A. Chev.) Stevels] from South Western Nigeria
    M.E. Osawaru, M.C. Ogwu and F.M. Dania-Ogbe
    Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2013; 21(3): 227-238
    » Abstract & References

  • Most Cited Articles