ISSN 0331-8753
 

Original Research 


Cephalometric Assessment of the Fourth Ventricles Using Computerized Tomography: A Five Year Study in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria

J.D. Usman, G.H. Yunusa, S.A. Saidu, A.D. Zagga, . Bello, A. Abdulhameed, S.S. Bello, A.A. Tadros and S.M. Bello.

Abstract
The fourth ventricle is usually affected in posterior cranial fossa tumours and other intracranial and ventricular disorders. Therefore, accurate measurement of the fourth ventricle will go a long way in evaluating brain disorders and decision making prior to neurosurgical procedures. This, therefore, places high premium on the accuracy in the technique and equipment used in obtaining a good Computerised Tomography (CT) Scan of the brain. To provide baseline data for measurements of normal fourth ventricle using computed tomographic Scan. Measurement was made with Dragon V3.1.1. A total of 652 scan examinations of subjects were analyzed in this study. 434 (65.79%) of the subjects were males while 217 (34.21%) were females. (M: F ratio = 2:1).The mean length of the fourth ventricles was 9.55mm and mean width was 12.86mm. Maximum length was 13.95mm and minimum length was 5.1mm. Least width was 2.65mm and greatest width was 17.28mm. Thus, the difference between the lengths of the fourth ventricles was not statistically significant (p˃0.05), so also there was no statistically significant difference (p> 0.05) between the width of the fourth ventricles in males and females. In conclusion, this study has provided reference ranges for the normal values of the length and width of the fourth ventricle in male and female Nigerians.

Key words: Cephalometry, assessment, fourth ventricles, CT, Nigeria.


 
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Pubmed Style

J.D. Usman, G.H. Yunusa, S.A. Saidu, A.D. Zagga, . Bello, A. Abdulhameed, S.S. Bello, A.A. Tadros and S.M. Bello. Cephalometric Assessment of the Fourth Ventricles Using Computerized Tomography: A Five Year Study in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria . Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2012; 20(3): 208-212.


Web Style

J.D. Usman, G.H. Yunusa, S.A. Saidu, A.D. Zagga, . Bello, A. Abdulhameed, S.S. Bello, A.A. Tadros and S.M. Bello. Cephalometric Assessment of the Fourth Ventricles Using Computerized Tomography: A Five Year Study in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria . www.njbas-udus.com/?mno=35629 [Access: May 19, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

J.D. Usman, G.H. Yunusa, S.A. Saidu, A.D. Zagga, . Bello, A. Abdulhameed, S.S. Bello, A.A. Tadros and S.M. Bello. Cephalometric Assessment of the Fourth Ventricles Using Computerized Tomography: A Five Year Study in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria . Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2012; 20(3): 208-212.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

J.D. Usman, G.H. Yunusa, S.A. Saidu, A.D. Zagga, . Bello, A. Abdulhameed, S.S. Bello, A.A. Tadros and S.M. Bello. Cephalometric Assessment of the Fourth Ventricles Using Computerized Tomography: A Five Year Study in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria . Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. (2012), [cited May 19, 2019]; 20(3): 208-212.



Harvard Style

J.D. Usman, G.H. Yunusa, S.A. Saidu, A.D. Zagga, . Bello, A. Abdulhameed, S.S. Bello, A.A. Tadros and S.M. Bello (2012) Cephalometric Assessment of the Fourth Ventricles Using Computerized Tomography: A Five Year Study in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria . Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 20 (3), 208-212.



Turabian Style

J.D. Usman, G.H. Yunusa, S.A. Saidu, A.D. Zagga, . Bello, A. Abdulhameed, S.S. Bello, A.A. Tadros and S.M. Bello. 2012. Cephalometric Assessment of the Fourth Ventricles Using Computerized Tomography: A Five Year Study in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria . Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 20 (3), 208-212.



Chicago Style

J.D. Usman, G.H. Yunusa, S.A. Saidu, A.D. Zagga, . Bello, A. Abdulhameed, S.S. Bello, A.A. Tadros and S.M. Bello. "Cephalometric Assessment of the Fourth Ventricles Using Computerized Tomography: A Five Year Study in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria ." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 20 (2012), 208-212.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

J.D. Usman, G.H. Yunusa, S.A. Saidu, A.D. Zagga, . Bello, A. Abdulhameed, S.S. Bello, A.A. Tadros and S.M. Bello. "Cephalometric Assessment of the Fourth Ventricles Using Computerized Tomography: A Five Year Study in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria ." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 20.3 (2012), 208-212. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

J.D. Usman, G.H. Yunusa, S.A. Saidu, A.D. Zagga, . Bello, A. Abdulhameed, S.S. Bello, A.A. Tadros and S.M. Bello (2012) Cephalometric Assessment of the Fourth Ventricles Using Computerized Tomography: A Five Year Study in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria . Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 20 (3), 208-212.





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