E-ISSN 0331-8753 | ISSN 0794-5698
 

Short Communication 


Biogas production through Co-digestion of palm oil mill effluent with cow manure

Umar Hayatu Sidik, Firdausi Bin Razali, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Fadimtu Maigari.

Abstract
Palm oil mill effluent (POME) and cow manure (CM) are excellent substrates for biogas production. Biogas production potentials from POME and CM as a single substrate were extensively researched by many researchers. In this work, the biogas potentials from POME and CM as a single substrate as well as co-substrates were investigated. In addition, the effect of removal efficiencies of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and volatile solids (VS) towards biogas production and its methane content were also investigated. Batch anaerobic digesters used for the digestion were operated at ambient temperature (28oC to 34C) for 21 days. The digesters were operated at different mixing ratios. Maximum cumulative biogas yield and its methane content were obtained as 1875ml and 61.13%, respectively in the mixture containing 70: 30 (POME: CM). Co-digestion of 70% POME + 30% CM improved the removal efficiency up to 75% (COD) and 68% (VS). Biogas yield from digesters D3, D4 and D5 were improved by 21%, 162% and 110% v/v using the co-digestion as compared to the digestion of POME alone and 95%, 323% and 240% v/v as compared to the digestion of CM alone respectively. These results show that biogas and its methane content production can be enhanced efficiently through co-digestion process.

Key words: Biogas, Methane, Anaerobic digestion, Co-digestion, POME and Cow manure


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Umar Hayatu Sidik
Articles by Firdausi Bin Razali
Articles by Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi
Articles by Fadimtu Maigari
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 3564
Downloaded: 760
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Umar Hayatu Sidik, Firdausi Bin Razali, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Fadimtu Maigari. Biogas production through Co-digestion of palm oil mill effluent with cow manure. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2013; 21(1): 79-84.


Web Style

Umar Hayatu Sidik, Firdausi Bin Razali, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Fadimtu Maigari. Biogas production through Co-digestion of palm oil mill effluent with cow manure. www.njbas-udus.com/?mno=39062 [Access: August 19, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Umar Hayatu Sidik, Firdausi Bin Razali, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Fadimtu Maigari. Biogas production through Co-digestion of palm oil mill effluent with cow manure. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2013; 21(1): 79-84.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Umar Hayatu Sidik, Firdausi Bin Razali, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Fadimtu Maigari. Biogas production through Co-digestion of palm oil mill effluent with cow manure. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. (2013), [cited August 19, 2019]; 21(1): 79-84.



Harvard Style

Umar Hayatu Sidik, Firdausi Bin Razali, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Fadimtu Maigari (2013) Biogas production through Co-digestion of palm oil mill effluent with cow manure. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 21 (1), 79-84.



Turabian Style

Umar Hayatu Sidik, Firdausi Bin Razali, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Fadimtu Maigari. 2013. Biogas production through Co-digestion of palm oil mill effluent with cow manure. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 21 (1), 79-84.



Chicago Style

Umar Hayatu Sidik, Firdausi Bin Razali, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Fadimtu Maigari. "Biogas production through Co-digestion of palm oil mill effluent with cow manure." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 21 (2013), 79-84.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Umar Hayatu Sidik, Firdausi Bin Razali, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Fadimtu Maigari. "Biogas production through Co-digestion of palm oil mill effluent with cow manure." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 21.1 (2013), 79-84. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Umar Hayatu Sidik, Firdausi Bin Razali, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Fadimtu Maigari (2013) Biogas production through Co-digestion of palm oil mill effluent with cow manure. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 21 (1), 79-84.