E-ISSN 0331-8753 | ISSN 0794-5698
 

Original Research 


Evidence of Malnutrition and its Associated Factors among Under-five Children in Danko-Wasagu Kebbi State, North-western Nigeria

Sanusi Bello Mada, Keziah David Bawa, Muhammad Auwal Saliu, Auwalu Garba, Muawiya Musa Abarshi, Aliyu Muhammad, Ibrahim Garba.

Abstract
Malnutrition is a major health problem worldwide and causes about 2.3 million deaths among under-5 children in low- and middle-income countries annually including Nigeria. Therefore, the present study was designed to assess the nutritional status of under-five children (0-59 months) and associated factors in Danko-Wasagu. The socio-demographic characteristics, prevalence of childhood diseases, anthropometric parameters and dietary pattern of the children were evaluated. The results indicated that 54.8% of the caregivers are young adults within 20 to 24 years of age with 41.7% having two living children. In addition, 58% of the caregivers have monthly family income below ‚ā¶20,000 with no any formal education. Moreover, Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) and weight-for-height (WFH) indices indicated that none of the children has severe-acute-malnutrition (SAM). Furthermore, there was 65.5% prevalence of diarrhea, 45.2% with dermatitis and 25.0% with acute respiratory infections. In addition, stunting, underweight and wasting among the children investigated were 72.7%, 29.8% and 11.9% respectively. Similarly, the consumption of cereals food group by the children was 92.7% while 28.6% and 31.0% of the children met the minimum dietary diversity and minimum meal frequency respectively. Conversely, wasting, underweight and stunting among the children were significantly (p<0.05) associated with caregiverís age. Altogether, the present study demonstrated a high prevalence of chronic malnutrition and childhood diseases even though without any case of SAM in the study area.

Key words: Malnutrition, Nutritional status, Under-five-children, Childhood diseases, Dietary pattern


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mada SB, Bawa KD, Saliu MA, Garba A, Abarshi MM, Muhammad A, Garba I, . Evidence of Malnutrition and its Associated Factors among Under-five Children in Danko-Wasagu Kebbi State, North-western Nigeria. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2020; 28(1): 56-65. doi:10.4314/njbas.v28i1.8


Web Style

Mada SB, Bawa KD, Saliu MA, Garba A, Abarshi MM, Muhammad A, Garba I, . Evidence of Malnutrition and its Associated Factors among Under-five Children in Danko-Wasagu Kebbi State, North-western Nigeria. http://www.njbas-udus.com/?mno=59657 [Access: August 17, 2020]. doi:10.4314/njbas.v28i1.8


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mada SB, Bawa KD, Saliu MA, Garba A, Abarshi MM, Muhammad A, Garba I, . Evidence of Malnutrition and its Associated Factors among Under-five Children in Danko-Wasagu Kebbi State, North-western Nigeria. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2020; 28(1): 56-65. doi:10.4314/njbas.v28i1.8



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mada SB, Bawa KD, Saliu MA, Garba A, Abarshi MM, Muhammad A, Garba I, . Evidence of Malnutrition and its Associated Factors among Under-five Children in Danko-Wasagu Kebbi State, North-western Nigeria. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. (2020), [cited August 17, 2020]; 28(1): 56-65. doi:10.4314/njbas.v28i1.8



Harvard Style

Mada, S. B., Bawa, K. D., Saliu, M. A., Garba, A., Abarshi, M. M., Muhammad, A., Garba, I. & (2020) Evidence of Malnutrition and its Associated Factors among Under-five Children in Danko-Wasagu Kebbi State, North-western Nigeria. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 28 (1), 56-65. doi:10.4314/njbas.v28i1.8



Turabian Style

Mada, Sanusi Bello, Keziah David Bawa, Muhammad Auwal Saliu, Auwalu Garba, Muawiya Musa Abarshi, Aliyu Muhammad, Ibrahim Garba, and . 2020. Evidence of Malnutrition and its Associated Factors among Under-five Children in Danko-Wasagu Kebbi State, North-western Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 28 (1), 56-65. doi:10.4314/njbas.v28i1.8



Chicago Style

Mada, Sanusi Bello, Keziah David Bawa, Muhammad Auwal Saliu, Auwalu Garba, Muawiya Musa Abarshi, Aliyu Muhammad, Ibrahim Garba, and . "Evidence of Malnutrition and its Associated Factors among Under-five Children in Danko-Wasagu Kebbi State, North-western Nigeria." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 28 (2020), 56-65. doi:10.4314/njbas.v28i1.8



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mada, Sanusi Bello, Keziah David Bawa, Muhammad Auwal Saliu, Auwalu Garba, Muawiya Musa Abarshi, Aliyu Muhammad, Ibrahim Garba, and . "Evidence of Malnutrition and its Associated Factors among Under-five Children in Danko-Wasagu Kebbi State, North-western Nigeria." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 28.1 (2020), 56-65. Print. doi:10.4314/njbas.v28i1.8



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mada, S. B., Bawa, K. D., Saliu, M. A., Garba, A., Abarshi, M. M., Muhammad, A., Garba, I. & (2020) Evidence of Malnutrition and its Associated Factors among Under-five Children in Danko-Wasagu Kebbi State, North-western Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 28 (1), 56-65. doi:10.4314/njbas.v28i1.8





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