E-ISSN 2756-4843 | ISSN 0794-5698
 

Original Research 


Detection of Newcastle Disease Antibodies amongst Local Chicken Slaughtered in Live Bird Markets in Kaduna, Nigeria

Y. S. Wungak, A. Alhassan, D. B. Judith, I. Bitrus, I. B. Shallangwa and H. G. Ularamu.

Abstract
Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) constitutes a major constraint to the poultry production system in Nigeria. This study was carried out to investigate the seroprevalence of NDV antibodies in local chickens (Gallus domesticus) slaughtered in five different live bird markets (LBMs) in Kaduna metropolis, Nigeria. Three hundred blood samples were collected and screened for antibodies against NDV using Haemagglutination Inhibition (HI). An overall seroprevalence rate of 23% (95%:CI18.5-28.0) was recorded in this study. Seroprevalence based on different LBMs revealed a higher prevalence of 28.3% (95% : Cl 18.0-40.7) in Sabo market, followed by Sokoto road market 26.7% (Cl:16.7-38.9), Kawo market 18.3% (95% Cl: 10.0-29.6), Railway market 13.3% (Cl:6.4-23.5), and the lowest prevalence was recorded in central market 11.7% (Cl:5.2-21.7). The difference in seroprevalence among the LBMs was not statistically significant p>0.05). Higher seroprevalence of NDV antibodies in female birds 30.5 % (Cl: 24.1-37.6) was recorded compared to male 13.9% (Cl: 8.3-21.4). The study indicated that NDV is endemic in the population. LBMs location had no significant influence on the seroprevalence of NDV in the study area. The difference in seroprevalence between sex was statistically significant P<0.05. Therefore, this study demonstrated the need for a regular strategic vaccination programme against NDV in local chickens in Kaduna metropolis.

Key words: Kaduna, Live Birds Market (LBMs), Local chicken, Newcastle Disease Virus, Seroprevalence


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Wungak YS, Alhassan A, Judith DB, Bitrus I, . Detection of Newcastle Disease Antibodies amongst Local Chicken Slaughtered in Live Bird Markets in Kaduna, Nigeria. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2022; 30(1): 1-4. doi:10.4314/njbas.v30i1.1


Web Style

Wungak YS, Alhassan A, Judith DB, Bitrus I, . Detection of Newcastle Disease Antibodies amongst Local Chicken Slaughtered in Live Bird Markets in Kaduna, Nigeria. https://www.njbas-udus.com/?mno=68727 [Access: July 22, 2022]. doi:10.4314/njbas.v30i1.1


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Wungak YS, Alhassan A, Judith DB, Bitrus I, . Detection of Newcastle Disease Antibodies amongst Local Chicken Slaughtered in Live Bird Markets in Kaduna, Nigeria. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2022; 30(1): 1-4. doi:10.4314/njbas.v30i1.1



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Wungak YS, Alhassan A, Judith DB, Bitrus I, . Detection of Newcastle Disease Antibodies amongst Local Chicken Slaughtered in Live Bird Markets in Kaduna, Nigeria. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. (2022), [cited July 22, 2022]; 30(1): 1-4. doi:10.4314/njbas.v30i1.1



Harvard Style

Wungak, Y. S., Alhassan, . A., Judith, . D. B., Bitrus, . I. & (2022) Detection of Newcastle Disease Antibodies amongst Local Chicken Slaughtered in Live Bird Markets in Kaduna, Nigeria. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 30 (1), 1-4. doi:10.4314/njbas.v30i1.1



Turabian Style

Wungak, Y. S., A. Alhassan, D. B. Judith, I. Bitrus, and I. B. Shallangwa and H. G. Ularamu. 2022. Detection of Newcastle Disease Antibodies amongst Local Chicken Slaughtered in Live Bird Markets in Kaduna, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 30 (1), 1-4. doi:10.4314/njbas.v30i1.1



Chicago Style

Wungak, Y. S., A. Alhassan, D. B. Judith, I. Bitrus, and I. B. Shallangwa and H. G. Ularamu. "Detection of Newcastle Disease Antibodies amongst Local Chicken Slaughtered in Live Bird Markets in Kaduna, Nigeria." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 30 (2022), 1-4. doi:10.4314/njbas.v30i1.1



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Wungak, Y. S., A. Alhassan, D. B. Judith, I. Bitrus, and I. B. Shallangwa and H. G. Ularamu. "Detection of Newcastle Disease Antibodies amongst Local Chicken Slaughtered in Live Bird Markets in Kaduna, Nigeria." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 30.1 (2022), 1-4. Print. doi:10.4314/njbas.v30i1.1



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Wungak, Y. S., Alhassan, . A., Judith, . D. B., Bitrus, . I. & (2022) Detection of Newcastle Disease Antibodies amongst Local Chicken Slaughtered in Live Bird Markets in Kaduna, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 30 (1), 1-4. doi:10.4314/njbas.v30i1.1





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