E-ISSN 2756-4843 | ISSN 0794-5698
 

Original Research 


Antibiotic Resistance and Transfer of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) Resistant Plasmids in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates From Hospitalized Patients

O. S. Egbule.

Abstract
Abstract
The study was undertaken to determine antibiotic resistance, ESBL production and transfer of resistant plasmids of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Clinical samples of urine, wound and blood were processed and Pseudomonas aeruginosa identified following standard microbiological procedures. A total of 110 (18.3%) clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with higher prevalence in wound (43.6%) and blood (40.0%) were identified and included in this study. Identified isolates were profiled for antimicrobial susceptibility to a total of 10 antibiotics. Plasmid DNA extraction was carried out by the alkaline lysis method. ESBL production by phenotypic and genotypic methods were determined by double disc synergy test and by PCR techniques respectively. Transfer of resistant genes by conjugation using broth mating procedure was performed. High rates of resistance were observed in the antipsedomonal drugs tested. Seventy-seven (70.0%) of the isolates were multi drug resistance, out of which 26 (33.8%) and 4 (15.4%) produced ESBL by phenotypic and genotypic methods respectively. Plasmid profile analysis revealed that all the 77 MDR isolates harboured plasmids of >I.5kp. Four ESBL producing isolates selected could transfer their resistance plasmid to the recipient strain E. coli K-12. The therapeutic challenge observed calls for an effective antimicrobial stewardship program.

Key words: Multidrug-Resistance (MDR), ESBL production, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, antipseudomonal drugs

Key words: Multidrug-Resistance (MDR), ESBL production, pseudomonas aeruginosa.antipseudomonas drugs


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

O. S. Egbule. Antibiotic Resistance and Transfer of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) Resistant Plasmids in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates From Hospitalized Patients. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2021; 29(1): 90-99. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.11


Web Style

O. S. Egbule. Antibiotic Resistance and Transfer of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) Resistant Plasmids in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates From Hospitalized Patients. http://www.njbas-udus.com/?mno=88028 [Access: August 11, 2021]. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.11


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

O. S. Egbule. Antibiotic Resistance and Transfer of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) Resistant Plasmids in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates From Hospitalized Patients. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2021; 29(1): 90-99. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.11



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

O. S. Egbule. Antibiotic Resistance and Transfer of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) Resistant Plasmids in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates From Hospitalized Patients. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. (2021), [cited August 11, 2021]; 29(1): 90-99. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.11



Harvard Style

O. S. Egbule (2021) Antibiotic Resistance and Transfer of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) Resistant Plasmids in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates From Hospitalized Patients. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 29 (1), 90-99. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.11



Turabian Style

O. S. Egbule. 2021. Antibiotic Resistance and Transfer of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) Resistant Plasmids in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates From Hospitalized Patients. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 29 (1), 90-99. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.11



Chicago Style

O. S. Egbule. "Antibiotic Resistance and Transfer of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) Resistant Plasmids in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates From Hospitalized Patients." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 29 (2021), 90-99. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.11



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

O. S. Egbule. "Antibiotic Resistance and Transfer of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) Resistant Plasmids in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates From Hospitalized Patients." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 29.1 (2021), 90-99. Print. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.11



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

O. S. Egbule (2021) Antibiotic Resistance and Transfer of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) Resistant Plasmids in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates From Hospitalized Patients. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 29 (1), 90-99. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.11





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