E-ISSN 2756-4843 | ISSN 0794-5698
 

Original Research 


Evaluation of Yield and Nutritional Composition of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Grown on Different Substrates

O. J. Olujobi and E. A. Adeniji.

Abstract
ABSTRACT
This study examined the yield and nutritional composition of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) grown on different substrates. The experiment consists of six treatments viz: Sawdust, Coconut-husk, Maize-cob, Maize-cob + Sawdust, Coconut-husk + Maize-cob and Sawdust + Coconut-husk. Each substrate was moistened and left over-night. Thereafter, 1 % CaCO3 and 5 % wheat bran were added into 600g of each substrate. The substrates were divided into three of 200g each. The replicates were put inside polythene bags of size 15 x 35 and steam sterilized at 121 ⁰C for 20 minutes in an autoclave. Sterilized substrates were inoculated with pleurotus spawn and then air-tight sealed. The substrates were kept in the dark room at 25 ⁰C to ramify. The ramified substrates were kept moist for mushroom to sprout. The result revealed that mushroom produce on sawdust substrate gave the highest yield on fresh weight basis (16.67 1.20g). While sawdust + coconut-husk performed best in terms of nutritional composition with 14.00 % ash, 2.63 % protein, 42.87 % carbohydrates, 2.70 % calcium, 1650 % phosphorus and 0.42 % nitrogen. The study recommends sawdust for commercial production of oyster mushroom and sawdust + coconut-husk for optimum nutritional benefits.

Key words: Keywords: Pleurotus ostreatus, Yield, Nutritional composition, Substrates, Ekiti State.


 
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Pubmed Style

O. J. Olujobi and E. A. Adeniji. Evaluation of Yield and Nutritional Composition of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Grown on Different Substrates. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2021; 29(1): 63-70. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.8


Web Style

O. J. Olujobi and E. A. Adeniji. Evaluation of Yield and Nutritional Composition of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Grown on Different Substrates. http://www.njbas-udus.com/?mno=96633 [Access: August 12, 2021]. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.8


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

O. J. Olujobi and E. A. Adeniji. Evaluation of Yield and Nutritional Composition of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Grown on Different Substrates. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2021; 29(1): 63-70. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.8



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

O. J. Olujobi and E. A. Adeniji. Evaluation of Yield and Nutritional Composition of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Grown on Different Substrates. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. (2021), [cited August 12, 2021]; 29(1): 63-70. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.8



Harvard Style

O. J. Olujobi and E. A. Adeniji (2021) Evaluation of Yield and Nutritional Composition of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Grown on Different Substrates. Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 29 (1), 63-70. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.8



Turabian Style

O. J. Olujobi and E. A. Adeniji. 2021. Evaluation of Yield and Nutritional Composition of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Grown on Different Substrates. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 29 (1), 63-70. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.8



Chicago Style

O. J. Olujobi and E. A. Adeniji. "Evaluation of Yield and Nutritional Composition of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Grown on Different Substrates." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 29 (2021), 63-70. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.8



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

O. J. Olujobi and E. A. Adeniji. "Evaluation of Yield and Nutritional Composition of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Grown on Different Substrates." Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 29.1 (2021), 63-70. Print. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.8



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

O. J. Olujobi and E. A. Adeniji (2021) Evaluation of Yield and Nutritional Composition of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Grown on Different Substrates. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 29 (1), 63-70. doi:10.4314/njbas.v29i1.8





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